Yoruba Culture



Yoruba has one of the richest, enduring and perhaps, the most sophisticated ways of life on the continent of Africa. Yoruba people have similar culture which is evident in their beliefs, values, customs, practices, and social behaviors; and this is manifested in their arts, music, political institution, local economy, family structure, burial, cuisine, numerals, literature, and other related activities, which defines Yoruba ways of life.

Yoruba’s ways of life are embedded in their culture, despite several years of struggle with co-existing and contending interests (Christianity, Islam, colonialism, post-colonialism, and industrialization) the culture has survived and become irresistible. In fact, it has become a binding and uniting force for Yoruba people at home and abroad.

Alaba (2004) defines Yoruba culture as

aggregate of ways of life of the Yoruba speaking peoples of South-West Nigeria and kiths and kins elsewhere in the world. It is a continuum beginning from their subsistence, communal agrarian life of pre-literate and pre-colonial times to the capitalist, industrialist, free enterprise life of the literate, colonial and post colonial, modern times. In order words, a continuum of the traditional and modern aspect of Yoruba culture provides a true picture of this concept. It is a dynamic phenomenal.


4 – 2

Military Organization

Category 4 – Section 1

Political Culture

4 – 3

Economy