Yoruba Grammar



Grammar occupies a prominent place in any spoken language. In fact, grammar provides and sets the rules which govern linguistic behavior of native speakers. Grammar serves as a compass to navigate language trouble waters, should a non-native wants to speak a new language, it behooves on him or (her) to learn the rules and principles guiding such a language; Yoruba is no exception. Linguists have indentified three categories of human language: language form, language meaning  and language in context.
Under the language form, grammar comes first with the (eight parts of speech), followed by Morphology (the formation and composition of words; this has been explained) then, Syntax-(formation and composition of phrases/sentences from the words), and finally, Phonology (the sound systems, also explained) which consists of phonetics (the actual properties of speech sound and also non speech- which helps in the pronuciation of words and their perceptions. The eight parts of speech are:
  • Noun
  • Pronoun
  • Verb
  • Adverb
  • Adjective
  • Conjunction
  • Preposition
  • Interjection or Exclamation


Category 3 – Section 1

Noun

3 – 2

Verb


3 – 3

Pronoun

3 – 4

Adverb




3 – 5

Adjective

3 – 6

Preposition

3 – 7

Conjunction

3 – 8

Interjection