Grammar occupies a prominent place in any spoken language. In fact, grammar provides and sets the rules which govern linguistic behavior of native speakers; grammar serves as a compass to navigate language trouble waters, should a non-native wants to speak a new language, it behooves on him or (her) to learn the rules and principles guiding such a language, Yoruba is no exception. Linguists have indentified three categories in human language; these are language form, language meaning, and language in context.
Under the language form, grammar comes first with the (eight parts of speech), followed by Morphology (the formation and composition of words; this has been explained above) then, Syntax-(formation and composition of phrases/sentences from the words); and finally, Phonology (the sound systems, also explained above) which consists of phonetics (the actual properties of speech sound and also non speech- which helps in the pronuciation of words and their perceptions. The eight parts of speech are:
- Interjection or Exclamation